April 26, 2019
Scientists have invented a new “synthetic antibody” that could make screening for diseases easier and less expensive than current go-to methods. Writing in the journal Nano Letters, a team led by Markita Landry of Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley describes how peptoids – synthetically produced molecules, first created by Ron Zuckermann at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry, that are similar to... Read more
April 26, 2019
With new funding, thirdhand smoke researchers will pursue translational studies aimed at lessening the health impacts of exposure to thirdhand smoke (THS)—the toxic residues from tobacco smoke that linger on indoor surfaces and in dust long after a cigarette has been extinguished.The researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) received a three-year grant totaling $904,744 from... Read more
April 25, 2019
From left to right: Inez Fung, Martin Head-Gordon (Credit: Berkeley Lab) Two Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists have been elected as Fellows to the Royal Society of London, the oldest scientific academic society in continuous existence. Among the 51 new fellows, 10 new foreign members, and one new honorary member are: Inez Fung, faculty scientist, Earth and... Read more
April 19, 2019
When scientists are trying to make things better, they will often turn to a standard rule and try to disprove or disrupt it.A consortium of researchers using the unique Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) set out to do just that with Planck’s Law.Planck’s Law, which forms the basis of quantum theory, states that electromagnetic radiation from heated bodies... Read more
April 18, 2019
VIDEO: Simulation of a single polar skyrmion. Red arrows signify that this is a left-handed skyrmion. The other arrows represent the angular distribution of the dipoles. (Credit: Xiaoxing Cheng, Pennsylvania State University; C.T. Nelson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Berkeley Lab) When you toss a ball, what hand do you use? Left-handed people naturally throw with their... Read more
April 15, 2019
A core group of five national labs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is working to advance fuel cell performance and durability. In a recent DOE webinar, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) scientist Adam Weber provided an overview of this work. The Fuel Cell Consortium for Performance and Durability (FC-PAD) aims to accelerate improvements in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel... Read more
April 12, 2019
In this video, DESI project participants share their insight and excitement about the project and its potential for new and unexpected discoveries. (Credit: Marilyn Chung/Berkeley Lab, DESI Collaboration) DESI, the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, will mobilize 5,000 swiveling robots – each one pointing a thin strand of fiber-optic cable – to gather the light from about 35 million... Read more
April 10, 2019
The San Francisco seawall is the foundation of over three miles of San Francisco’s waterfront from Fisherman’s Wharf to Mission Creek and is over 100 years old. The Seawall supports key utility and transportation infrastructure and provides flood protection for downtown San Francisco. (Credit: Dave Rauenbuehler) The San Francisco Bay Area has been pummeled this winter by storms packed with... Read more
April 10, 2019
An innovative researcher has been accepted into a prestigious program designed to advance collaboration about water management in California, by engaging stakeholders and bridging differences.Arian Aghajanzadeh, an engineer in the Energy Technologies Area (ETA) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), will participate in the Water Solutions Network's second learning cohort of... Read more
April 5, 2019
Water-purifying technology developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) was named among only five in the world that meet current international standards in a recent study from United Nations University examining systems for small communities.The Lab's Electro Chemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) removes arsenic from drinking water effectively while remaining affordable—a rare... Read more
April 3, 2019
DESI “first light” image of the Whirlpool Galaxy, also known as Messier 51. This image was obtained the first night of observing with the DESI Commissioning Instrument on the Mayall Telescope at the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Tucson, Arizona; an r-band filter was used to capture the red light from the galaxy. (Credit: DESI Collaboration) On April 1, the dome of the Mayall... Read more
April 3, 2019
Credit: Debenport Researchers in the Computational Research Division (CRD) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are applying deep learning and analytics to electronic health record (EHR) data to help the Veterans Administration (VA) address a host of medical and psychological challenges affecting many of the nation’s 700,000 military veterans. The project is... Read more
April 3, 2019
A grid communications model that began as a research project at Berkeley Lab has now become an international standard, paving the way toward smart grid improvements around the world.The standard, OpenADR, aids in demand response, the practice of managing energy demand from customers with signals based on price or reliability. OpenADR offers a common language energy customers and grid operators can... Read more
April 2, 2019
This video shows an animated structural model of TFIIH, a large protein assembly that helps repair and read our genome. Berkeley Lab scientists used an advanced cryo-electron microscope to generate the first-ever atomic map of TFIIH’s structure. (Credit: Basil Greber/Berkeley Lab) Inside every cell in your body are molecular machines that help package, read, and repair DNA. These protein... Read more
April 1, 2019
The atomic structure of the SOS protein, a cell messaging molecule that uses a unique timing mechanism to regulate activation of a critical immune system pathway. (Credit: Steven Alvarez/Berkeley Lab) For the first time ever, scientists have imaged the process by which an individual immune system molecule is switched on in response to a signal from the environment, leading to the critical... Read more
March 29, 2019
Purchasing professionals for large California organizations are invited to fill out a survey designed to help researchers better understand how large organizations purchase cost-effective, energy-related products.The research, funded by the California Energy Commission, is being done in support of the California Opportunities for Accelerating Clean Energy (Cal-OP ACE ) Program.Anyone who has a... Read more
March 22, 2019
Research Scientist Antoine Snijders (right) and postdoc Pin Wang analyze mouse blood samples. (Credit: Marilyn Chung/Berkeley Lab) Mice have been instrumental in the study of cancer, but like all animal models of human diseases, they have their limitations. For stomach cancer in particular, mice have historically been regarded as quite poor research organisms because rodents rarely develop... Read more
March 20, 2019
This animation shows how Fermi arc states form a spiraling structure in a crystal material that serves as a topological conductor. (Credit: Hasan Lab/Princeton University) The realization of so-called topological materials – which exhibit exotic, defect-resistant properties and are expected to have applications in electronics, optics, quantum computing, and other fields – has opened up a new... Read more
March 19, 2019
Alan “Al” Smith places an aluminum sample exposed to radiation at Berkeley Lab’s Bevatron accelerator into a lead and concrete box containing a detector at a low-level radiation counting facility in this 1950s photograph. (Credit: Berkeley Lab) Note: This article was adapted from an article originally published by the Sanford Underground Research Facility. View the original article. In 1953,... Read more
March 19, 2019
Mina J. Bissell. (Credit: Berkeley Lab) Mina Bissell, a distinguished scientist at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), has been selected to receive two prestigious awards for her pioneering contributions to breast cancer biology and medicine. In recognition of her lifetime achievements, including her extraordinary insights into how a cell’s local... Read more
March 19, 2019
Credit: an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. Unlike other energy sectors such as ground transportation or residential and commercial buildings, the aviation industry can’t be easily shifted to renewable energy sources using... Read more
March 14, 2019
The proton spin puzzle: Scientists want to know how different constituents of the proton contribute to its spin, a fundamental property that plays a role in how these building blocks give rise to nearly all visible matter in the universe. Pieces of the puzzle include the orbital angular momentum of quarks and gluons (top left), gluon spin (top right) and quark and antiquark spin (bottom). The... Read more
March 14, 2019
A tree’s growth is dependent on nutrients from the soil and water, as well as the microbes in, on, and around the roots. Similarly, a human’s health is shaped both by environmental factors and the body’s interactions with the microbiome, particularly in the gut. Genome sequences are critical for characterizing individual microbes and understanding their functional roles. However, previous... Read more
March 14, 2019
Engineered living materials (ELMs), which use living cells as “materials scaffolds,” are a new class of material that might open the door to self-healing materials. (Credit: iStock/Pi-Lens) When the inside of a mollusk shell shimmers in sunlight, the iridescence isn’t produced by colored pigments but by tiny physical structures self-assembled from living cells and inorganic components. Now,... Read more
March 11, 2019
Passalid beetles work together in family units to defend their log tunnel homes and care for their young into adulthood. New Berkeley Lab research has now shown that the beetle’s distinct gut microbiome also helps its young survive. (Credit: Javier Ceja-Navarro/Berkeley Lab) Insects are critical contributors to ecosystem functioning, and like most living organisms their co-evolution with... Read more