Recent Applications of Langmuir–Blodgett Technique in Battery Research
The Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) technique, in which monolayers are commonly transferred from a liquid/gas interface to a solid surface, allows convenient fabrication of highly ordered thin films with molecular-level precision. This method is widely applicable to substances ranging from organic molecules to nanomaterials. Therefore, LB methods have provided a critical toolbox for researchers to engineer nanoarchitectures. The LB fabrication process is also compatible with numerous substrate materials over large areas, which is advantageous for practical application. Despite its wide applicability, the LB strategy has not been extensively employed in battery studies. The versatility of LB film, along with the accumulated knowledge associated with this technique, makes it a promising platform for promoting battery chemistry evolution. This Review summarizes recent advances of LB methods for high-performance battery development, including preparation of electrode materials, fabrication of functional layers, and battery diagnosis and thus illustrates the high utility of LB approaches in battery research.