Quantifying the effect of multiple demand response actions on electricity demand and building services via surrogate modeling
The expansion of commercial building demand response (DR) as a demand-side management resource for the electric grid necessitates new decision support resource for customers to rapidly assess the benefit-risk tradeoffs of candidate load exibility strategies. This work develops surrogate models of load exibility impacts on office building electricity demand and indoor temperature. The surrogate models are fit to a large synthetic database generated via whole building simulations of multiple exibility strategies under a variety of conditions; the models are translated to a Bayesian framework to allow straightforward communication of uncertainty and parameter updating given new evidence. The strong predictive performance of the models underscores their potential utility in guiding DR decision-making in office settings.