Exposure History and its Effect Towards Stabilizing Li Exchange Across Disordered Rock Salt Interfaces
The application of lithium rich disordered rock salts (DRX) as cathode materials has greatly expanded the materials space for high energy density cathodes. These materials are able to consistently achieve capacities higher than via a complex percolation based intercalation mechanism. Most current DRX materials face significant capacity fade when cycled over an extended period. One of the factors responsible for this could be deleterious side effect of interface reactions between the electrode and electrolyte at high voltage. We aim to focus on one aspect of this interaction, i.e the effect of exposure to electrolyte on the surface and its effect on the electrochemical properties of (LMNOF) powder. LMNOF was systematically treated in an electrolyte solution for varying periods of time at an elevated temperature. Treated samples exhibit surface layer modification (removal of F rich surface layer), leading to a 10 % improvement in the capacity retention behavior of LMNOF. Surface and bulk based measurements indicate an increase in disorder and gradual removal of F and Li. All of these processes mimic an aging process similar to cycling. This a priori formed interface allows for increased stability with respect to retention of capacity and oxygen loss.