Balancing comfort: occupants' control of window blinds in private offices
The goal of this study was to develop predictive models of window blind control that could be used as a function in energy simulation programs and provide the basis for the development of future automated shading systems. Toward this goal, a two-part study, consisting of a window blind usage survey and a field study, was conducted in Berkeley, California, USA, during a period spanning from the vernal equinox to window solstice. A total of one hundred and thirteen office building occupants participated in the survey. Twenty-five occupants participated in the field study, in which measurements of physical environmental conditions were cross-linked to the participants’ assessment of visual and thermal comfort sensations.
Results from the survey showed that the primary window blind closing reason was to reduce glare from sunlight and bright windows. For the field study, a total of thirteen predictive window blind control logistic models were derived using the Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) technique.