List of Cited Documents

  1. IOM, Clearing the air: asthma and indoor air exposures. 2000, Washington, D.C.: Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy Press.
  2. Wood, R.A., Air filtration devices in the control of indoor allergens. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep, 2002. 2(5): p. 397-400.
  3. Reisman, R.E., Do air cleaners make a difference in treating allergic disease in homes? Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol, 2001. 87(6 Suppl 3): p. 41-3.
  4. Sublett, J.L., Effectiveness of air filters and air cleaners in allergic respiratory diseases: a review of the recent literature. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep, 2011. 11(5): p. 395-402.
  5. Sublett, J.L., et al., Air filters and air cleaners: rostrum by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Indoor Allergen Committee. J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2010. 125(1): p. 32-8.
  6. Fisk , W.J., Health benefits of particle filtration. Indoor Air, 2013. 23(5): p. 357-368.
  7. McDonald, E., et al., Effect of air filtration systems on asthma: a systematic review of randomized trials. Chest, 2002. 122(5): p. 1535-42.
  8. Brunekreef, B. and B. Forsberg, Epidemiological evidence of effects of coarse airborne particles on health. Eur Respir J, 2005. 26(2): p. 309-18.
  9. Delfino, R.J., C. Sioutas, and S. Malik, Potential role of ultrafine particles in associations between airborne particle mass and cardiovascular health. Environ Health Perspect, 2005. 113(8): p. 934-46.
  10. Pope, C.A., 3rd and D.W. Dockery, Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect. J Air Waste Manag Assoc, 2006. 56(6): p. 709-42.
  11. Bekö, G., G. Clausen, and C.J. Weschler, Is the use of particle air filtration justified? Costs and benefits of filtration with regard to health effects, building cleaning and occupant productivity. Building and Environment, 2008. 43: p. 1647-1657.
  12. Hanninen, O.O., et al., Reduction potential of urban PM2.5 mortality risk using modern ventilation systems in buildings. Indoor Air, 2005. 15(4): p. 246-56.
  13. Macintosh, D.L., et al., The benefits of whole-house in-duct air cleaning in reducing exposures to fine particulate matter of outdoor origin: a modeling analysis. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol, 2009. 20(2): p. 213-24.
  14. Allen, R.W., et al., An air filter intervention study of endothelial function among healthy adults in a woodsmoke-impacted community. Am J Respir Crit Care Med, 2011. 183(9): p. 1222-30.
  15. Brauner, E., et al., Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 2008. 177: p. 419-425.
  16. Weichenthal, S., et al., A randomized double-blind crossover study of indoor air filtration and acute changes in cardiorespiratory health in a First Nations community. Indoor Air, 2012: p. doi: 10.1111.
  17. Mendell, M.J., et al., Indoor particles and symptoms among office workers: results from a double-blind cross-over study. Epidemiology, 2002. 13(3): p. 296-304.
  18. Skulberg, K.R., et al., The effects of intervention with local electrostatic air cleaners on airborne dust and the health of office employees. Indoor Air, 2005. 15(3): p. 152-9.
  19. Wargocki, P., et al., The effects of electrostatic particle filtration and supply-air filter condition in classrooms on the performance of schoolwork by children (RP-1257. HVAC&R Research, 2008. 14(3): p. 327-344.
  20. Stevens, B., HVAC filtration and the Wells-Riley approach to assessing risks of infectious airborne diseases., 2012, Illinois Institute of Technology: Chicago, IL.
  21. Loh, M.M., et al., Ranking cancer risks of organic hazardous air pollutants in the United States. Environ Health Perspect, 2007. 115(8): p. 1160-8.
  22. Logue, J.M., et al., A method to estimate the chronic health impact of air pollutants in U.S. residences. Environ Health Perspect, 2012. 120(2): p. 216-22.
  23. Zhang, Y., et al., Can commonly-used fan-driven air cleaning technologies improve indoor air quality? A literature review. Atmospheric Environment, 2011. 45(26): p. 4329-4343.
  24. Fisk, W.J., Can sorbent-based gas phase air cleaning for VOCs substitute for ventilation in commercial buildings?, in IAQ 2007, Healthy and Sustainable Buildings 2007, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers, Inc.: Atlanta.
  25. Bekö, G., G. Clausen, and C.J. Weschler, Sensory pollution from bag filters, carbon filters and combinations. Indoor Air, 2008. 18(1): p. 27-36.
  26. Bekö, G., et al., Sensory pollution from bag-type fiberglass ventilation filters: Conventional filter compared with filters containing various amounts of activated carbon. Building and Environment, 2009. 44(10): p. 2114-2120.
  27. Shaughnessy, R.J., et al., Effectiveness of portable indoor air cleaners: sensory testing results. Indoor Air, 1994. 4(3): p. 179-188.
  28. Fang, L., G. Zhang, and A. Wisthaler, Desiccant wheels as gas-phase absorption (GPA) air cleaners: evaluation by PTR-MS and sensory assessment. Indoor Air, 2008. 18(5): p. 375-85.
  29. Kolarik, B., et al., The effect of a photocatalytic air purifier on indoor air quality quantified using different measuring methods. Building and Environment, 2010. 45(6): p. 1434-1440.
  30. Kolarik, J. and P. Wargocki, Can a photocatalytic air purifier be used to improve the perceived air quality indoors? Indoor air, 2010. 20(3): p. 255-262.
  31. Sun, Y., et al., Experimental research on photocatalytic oxidation air purification technology applied to aircraft cabins. Building and Environment, 2008. 43(3): p. 258-268.
  32. Hubbell, B.J., et al., Health-related benefits of attaining the 8-hr ozone standard. Environ Health Perspect, 2005. 113(1): p. 73-82.
  33. Fann, N., et al., Estimating the national public health burden associated with exposure to ambient PM2. 5 and ozone. Risk Analysis, 2012. 32(1): p. 81-95.
  34. Bell, M.L., R.D. Peng, and F. Dominici, The exposure-response curve for ozone and risk of mortality and the adequacy of current ozone regulations. Environ Health Perspect, 2006. 114(4): p. 532-6.
  35. Weschler, C.J., Ozone's impact on public health: contributions from indoor exposures to ozone and products of ozone-initiated chemistry. Environ Health Perspect, 2006. 114(10): p. 1489-96.
  36. Weschler, C.J., Ozone in indoor environments: concentration and chemistry. Indoor Air, 2000. 10(4): p. 269-288.
  37. Phillips, T. and C. Jakober, Evaluation of ozone emissions from portable indoor "air cleaners" that intentionally generate ozone, 2006, California Air Resources Board: Sacramento, CA.
  38. Boeniger, M.F., Use of ozone generating devices to improve indoor air quality. American Industrial Hygiene Association, 1995. 56(6): p. 590-598.
  39. Foarde, K., D. VanOsdell, and R. Steiber, Investigation of gas-phase ozone as a potential biocide. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 1997. 12(8): p. 535-542.
  40. Hubbard, H., et al., Effects of an ozone generating air purifier on indoor secondary particles in three residential dwellings. Indoor Air, 2005. 15(6): p. 432-444.
  41. Britigan, N., A. Alshawa, and S.A. Nizkorodov, Quantification of ozone levels in indoor environments generated by ionization and ozonolysis air purifiers. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 2006. 56(5): p. 601-610.
  42. Cole, E.C., Gas-phase ozone: assessment of biocidal properties for the indoor environment-a critical review. Applied Biosafety, 2003. 8: p. 112-117.
  43. Waring, M.S., J.A. Siegel, and R.L. Corsi, Ultrafine particle removal and generation by portable air cleaners. Atmospheric Environment, 2008. 42(20): p. 5003-5014.
  44. Chen, W., J.S. Zhang, and Z. Zhang, Performance of air cleaners for removing multiple VOCs in indoor air. ASHRAE Transactions, 2005. 111: p. 1101-1114.
  45. Shaughnessy, R.J. and L. Oatman, The use of ozone generators for control of indoor contaminants in an occupied environment, in Indoor Air Quality '91, Healthy Buildings 1992, ASHRAE. p. 318-324.
  46. EPA. National ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). 2014 [cited 2014 March 10]; Available from:
  47. California EPA. Ozone and ambient air quality standards. 2014 [cited 2014 May 10]; Available from:
  48. Levetin, E., et al., Effectiveness of germicidal UV radiation for reducing fungal contamination within air-handling units. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2001. 67(8): p. 3712-3715.
  49. Menzies, D., et al., Effect of ultraviolet germicidal lights installed in office ventilation systems on workers' health and wellbeing: double-blind multiple crossover trial. Lancet, 2003. 362(9398): p. 1785-91.
  50. Kowalski, W.J., UVGI for Cooling Coil Disinfection, Air Treatment, and Hospital Infection Control. American Air & Water, Inc. 2011. 1-70.
  51. Kowalski, W., et al., Mathematical modeling of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation for air disinfection. Quantitative Microbiology, 2000. 2(3): p. 249-270.
  52. Nicas, M. and S.L. Miller, A multi-zone model evaluation of the efficacy of upper-room air ultraviolet germicidal irradiation. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 1999. 14(5): p. 317-328.
  53. Kujundzic, E., M. Hernandez, and S.L. Miller, Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation inactivation of airborne fungal spores and bacteria in upper-room air and HVAC in-duct configurations. Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science, 2007. 6(1): p. 1-9.
  54. Reed, N.G., The history of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation for air disinfection. Public Health Rep, 2010. 125(1): p. 15-27.
  55. Wells, W.F., M.W. Wells, and T.S. Wilder, The environmental control of epidemic contagion I. An epidemiologic study of radiant disinfection of air in day schools. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1942. 35(1): p. 97-121.
  56. Air Hygiene Committee, Air disinfection with ultraviolet irradiation, its effect on illness among school children, 1954, Medical Research Council: London.
  57. Willmon, T.L., A. Hollaende, and A.D. Langmuir, Studies of the control of acute respiratory diseases among naval recruits I. A review of a four-year experience with ultraviolet irradiation and dust supressive measures, 1943 to 1947. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1948. 48(2): p. 227-232.
  58. Riley, R.L., Airborne infection. The American journal of medicine, 1974. 57(3): p. 466-475.
  59. Brickner, P., et al., Ultraviolet upper room air disinfection for tuberculosis control: an epidemiological trial. Journal Of Healthcare Safety Compliance and Infection Control, 2000. 4: p. 123-132.
  60. Escombe, A.R., et al., Upper-room ultraviolet light and negative air ionization to prevent tuberculosis transmission. PLoS Med, 2009. 6(3): p. e43.
  61. Bernstein, J.A., et al., Health effects of ultraviolet irradiation in asthmatic children's homes. J Asthma, 2006. 43(4): p. 255-62.
  62. Fisk, W.J., et al., Performance and costs of particle air filtration technologies. Indoor Air, 2002. 12(4): p. 223-34.
  63. ASHRAE, ASHRAE Standard 52.2-2012 Method of testing general ventilation air cleaning devices for removal efficiency by particle size 2012, ASHRAE: Atlanta, GA.
  64. Robinson, T.J. and A.E. Quellet, Filters and filtration. ASHRAE Journal, 1999. April 1999: p. 58-63.

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