Marc L. Fischer

Atmospheric Science Department

Environmental Energy Technologies Division

Mail Stop  90-2014

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

1 Cyclotron Rd.

Berkeley, CA 94720

Phone: 510-486-5539

FAX: 510-486-5928



B.S.     1981 - Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.S.    1982 - Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ph.D.   1991 - Physics, University of California at Berkeley

Postdoctoral 1991-1998 – UC Berkeley Astrophysics, Terrestrial Biogeochemistry

Committee Activities and other Service

Selected scientific conference planning and organization:  

Invited member, Planning Committee, 2009 North American Carbon Program (NACP) InvestigatorsŐ Meeting, February 2009

Committee Reports: North American Carbon Program Implementation Plan

Review of Proposals: DOE – Office of Science, NSF-Atmospheric Chemistry, NOAA-Office of Global Programs

Review of Manuscripts: Journal Geophysical Research, Journal of Applied Meteorology, Ecological Applications, Environmental Science & Technology, Journal of Atmospheric Environment, Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, and Astrophysical Journal.

Main Collaborators (last 24 months)

A. Andrews (NOAA), J.A. Berry (Carnegie), E. Dlugokencky (NOAA), K. Gurney (Purdue U.), R. Keeling (UCSD), S. Montzka (NOAA), W.J. Riley (LBNL), C. Sweeney (NOAA), P.P. Tans (NOAA), M.S. Torn (LBNL), R. Weiss (UCSD), S.C. Wofsy (Harvard), P.O. Wennberg (CalTech).



1.     Fischer, M. L., M. S. Torn, D. P. Billesbach, G. Doyle, B. Northup and S. C. Biraud (2012). Carbon, water, and heat flux responses to experimental burning and drought in a tallgrass prairie. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 166(0): 169-174.

2.      Gilmanov, T.G., B.K. Wylie, L.L. Tieszen, T.P. Meyers, V.S. Baron, C.J. Bernacchi, D.P. Billesbach, G.G. Burba, M.L. Fischer, A.J. Glenn, N.P. Hanan, J.L. Hatfield, M.W. Heuer, S.E. Hollinger, D.M. Howard, R. Matamala, J.H. Prueger, M. Tenuta, D.G. Young. 2013. CO2 uptake and ecophysiological parameters of the grain crops of midcontinent North America: Estimates from flux tower measurements. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 164C: 162-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.09.017

3.     Peischl, J.; Ryerson, T. B.; Holloway, J. S.; Trainer, M.; Andrews, A. E.; Atlas, E. L.; Blake, D. R.; Daube, B. C.; Dlugokencky, E. J.; Fischer, M. L.; Goldstein, A. H.; Guha, A.; Karl, T.; Kofler, J.; Kosciuch, E.; Misztal, P. K.; Perring, A. E.; Pollack, I. B.; Santoni, G. W.; Schwarz, J. P.; Spackman, J. R.; Wofsy, S. C.; Parrish, D. D. Airborne observations of methane emissions from rice cultivation in the Sacramento Valley of California. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 117, No. null, D00V25.

4.     Jeong, S., C. Zhao, A. E. Andrews, E. J. Dlugokencky, C. Sweeney, L. Bianco, J. M. Wilczak and M. L. Fischer. 2012. Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39(16): L16805.

5.     Newman, S., S. Jeong,, M. L. Fischer, X. Xu,C. L. Haman,B. Lefer, S. Alvarez, B. Rappenglueck, E. A. Kort, A. E. Andrews, J. Peischl, K. R. Gurney, C. E. Miller, and Y. L. Yung (2012), Diurnal tracking of anthropogenic CO2 emissions in the Los Angeles basin megacity during spring, 2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 12, 5771-5801, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-5771-2012.

6.     Wennberg, P. O., W. Mui, D. Wunch, E. A. Kort, D. R. Blake, E. L. Atlas, G. W. Santoni, S. C. Wofsy, G. S. Diskin, S. Jeong and M. L. Fischer. 2012. On the Sources of Methane to the Los Angeles Atmosphere. Environmental Science & Technology. 10.1021/es301138y.

7.     Salamanca, F., Tonse, S., Menon, S. Garg, V., Singh, K.P., Naja, M. and M.L. Fischer. 2012. Top-of-atmosphere radiative cooling with white roofs: experimental verification and model-based evaluation. Environ. Res. Lett. 7 044007. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044007

8.     Chen, M. Titcombeb, M., Jianga, J., Jen, C., Kuange, C., Fischer, M.L., Eisele, F.L., Siepmann, J.L., Hanson, D.R, Zhaoa J., and P.H. McMurry. 2012. Acid–base chemical reaction model for nucleation rates in the polluted atmospheric boundary layer. Proceedings of the National Acaedemy of Science. doi/10.1073/pnas.1210285109

9.     Sudderth, E. A., S. B. St. Clair, S. A. Placella, S. M. Swarbreck, C. Castanha, D. J. Herman, M. L. Fischer, M. Kleber, E. B. Sudderth, M. S. Torn, M. K. Firestone, G. L. Andersen, and D. D. Ackerly. 2012. Annual grassland resource pools and fluxes: sensitivity to precipitation and dry periods on two contrasting soils. Ecosphere 3(7):XX. http://dx.doi. org/10.1890/ES12-00004.1

10.  Gourdji, S. M., K. L. Mueller, V. Yadav, D. N. Huntzinger, A. E. Andrews, M. Trudeau, G. Petron, T. Nehrkorn, J. Eluszkiewicz, J. Henderson, et al. 2012. North American CO2 exchange: inter-comparison of modeled estimates with results from a fine-scale atmospheric inversion. Biogeosciences 9(1): 457-475.

11.  Jeong, S., C. Zhao, A. E. Andrews, L. Bianco, J. M. Wilczak, and M. L. Fischer. 2012. Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D11306. doi:10.1029/2011JD016896.

12.   Xiao, J. F., Q. L. Zhuang, B. E. Law, D. D. Baldocchi, J. Q. Chen, A. D. Richardson, J. M. Melillo, K. J. Davis, D. Y. Hollinger, S. Wharton, et al. 2011. Assessing net ecosystem carbon exchange of U.S. terrestrial ecosystems by integrating eddy covariance flux measurements and satellite observations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151(1): 60-69.

13.  Wunch, D., P. O. Wennberg, G. C. Toon, B. J. Connor, B. Fisher, G. B. Osterman, C. Frankenberg, L. Mandrake, C. O'Dell, P. Ahonen, et al. 2011. A method for evaluating bias in global measurements of CO2 total columns from space. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11(23): 12317-12337.

14.  Werth, D., Leclerc, M., Duarte, H., Parker, M., Lu’s Dias, N., Zhang, G., Fischer, M.L., and R. Kurzeja. 2011. The Simulation of the Southern Great Plains Nocturnal Boundary Layer and the Low-Level Jet with a High-Resolution Meso-Scale Atmospheric Model. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 1497. DOI: 10.1175/2011JAMC2272.1

15.  Turnbull, J. C., Karion, A., Fischer, M. L., Faloona, I., Guilderson, T., Lehman, S. J., Miller, B. R., Miller, J. B., Montzka, S., Sherwood, T., Saripalli, S., Sweeney, C., and Tans, P. P. 2011. Assessment of fossil fuel carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic trace gas emissions from airborne measurements over Sacramento, California in spring 2009, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 705-721, doi:10.5194/acp-11-705-2011.

16.  Schwalm, C. R., C. A. Williams, et al. 2010. A model-data intercomparison of CO2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis." J. Geophys. Res. 115: G00H05.

17.  Wunch, D., Toon, G.C., Wennberg, P.O., Wofsy, S.C., Stephens, B.B., Fischer, M.L., Uchino, O., Abshire, J.B., Bernath, P. and Biraud, S.C. 2010. A calibration of the total carbon column observing network using aircraft profile data. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 3, 1351–1362.

18.  Yurganov, L., McMillan, W., Wilson, C., Fischer, M.L. and S.C., B. Carbon monoxide mixing ratios over Oklahoma between 2002 and 2009 retrieved from atmospheric emitted radiance Interferometer spectra. 2010. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3, 1319–1331.

19.  W. W. McMillan, R. Pierce, L. C. Sparling, G. Osterman,4 K. McCann, M. L. Fischer, B. Rappengluck, R. Newsom, D. Turner, C. Kittaka, K. Evans, S. Biraud, B. Lefer, A.C. Andrews, S. Oltmans. 2010. An observational and modeling strategy to investigate the impact of remote sources on local air quality: A Houston, Texas, case study from the Second Texas Air Quality Study (TexAQS II), J. Geophys. Res., 115, D01301, doi:10.1029/2009JD011973.

20.  Kulawik, S.S., Jones, D.B.A., Nassar, R., Irion, F.W., Worden, J.R., Bowman, K.W., Machida, T., Matsueda, H., Sawa, Y., Biraud, S.C., Fischer, M.L. and Jacobson, A.R. 2009. Characterization of tropospheric emission spectrometer (TES) CO2 for carbon cycle science. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 27401-27464.

21.  J. Xiao et al.. A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous United States derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux data. Remote Sensing of Environment. 2010, 114, 576. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.10.013.

22.  E. Lokupitiya, A.S. Denning, K. Paustian, I. Baker, K. Schaefer, S.Verma, T. Meyers, C. Bernacchi, A. Suyker, M.L. Fischer. 2009. Incorporation of crop phenology in Simple Biosphere Model (SiBcrop) to improve land-atmosphere carbon exchanges from croplands. Biogeosciences, 6, 969–986. doi:10.5194/bgd-6-1903-2009.

23.  Riley, W. J., S. C. Biraud, M. S. Torn, M. L. Fischer, D. P. Billesbach, and J. A. Berry. 2009. Regional CO2 and latent heat surface fluxes in the Southern Great Plains: Measurements, modeling, and scaling, J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi:10.1029/2009JG001003.

24.  Gurney, K.R., D.L. Mendoza, Y. Zhou, M.L. Fischer, C.C. Miller, S. Geethakumar, and S. de la Rue du Can. 2009. High resolution fossil fuel combustion CO2 emission fluxes for the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 5535–5541.

25.  Zhao, C., A. E. Andrews, L. Bianco, J. Eluszkiewicz, A. Hirsch, C. MacDonald, T. Nehrkorn, and M. L. Fischer (2009), Atmospheric inverse estimates of methane emissions from Central California, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D16302, doi:10.1029/2008JD011671.

26.  Fischer, M.L., C. Zhao., W.J. Riley, and A.C. Andrews. 2009. Observation of CH4 and other Non-CO2 Green House Gas Emissions from California. California Energy Commission, PIER Energy-Related Environmental Research. (Report # 500-2009-096).

27.  Fountoukis, C., A. Nenes, A. Sullivan, R. Weber, T. Van Reken, M. Fischer, E. Mat«őas, and M. Moya, D. Farmer, and R. C. Cohen. 2009. Thermodynamic characterization of Mexico City aerosol during MILAGRO 2006. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2141–2156, 2009.

28.  St.Clair, S.B., E. Sudderth, M.L. Fischer, M.S. Torn, S. Stuart, R. Salve, D. Egget, and D. Ackerly. 2009. Soil drying and nitrogen availability modulate carbon and water exchange over a range of annual precipitation totals and grassland vegetation types. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01862.x

29.  Lewicki, J.L., G.E. Hilley, M.L. Fischer, L. Pan, C.M. Oldenburg, L. Dobeck, and L. Spangler. 2009. Eddy covariance observations of surface leakage during shallow subsurface CO2 releases. J. Geophys. Res. 114, D12302. doi:10.1029/2008JD011297 (LBNL-181E)

30.  J. Xiao et al.. Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux data. 2008. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148, 1287. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.06.015

31.  W.J. Riley, D.Y. Hsueh,X, J.T. Randerson, M.L. Fischer, J.G. Hatch, D.E. Pataki, and M.L. Goulden. 2008. Where do Fossil Fuel Carbon Dioxide Emissions from California Go? An Analysis Based on Radiocarbon Observations and an Atmospheric Transport Model. Journal of Geophysical Resarch – Biogeosciences,113, G04002.

32.  Lewicki, J.L., M.L. Fischer, and G.E. Hilley. 2008. Six-week time series of eddy  covariance CO2 flux at Mammoth Mountain, California: Performance evaluation and role of meteorological forcing. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research,171,178. (LBNL-181E) (

33.  Fischer, M.L., and D. Littlejohn. 2007. Ammonia at Blodgett Forest, Sierra Nevada, USA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 7, 1-31. (LBNL-63560)


34.  Fischer, M.L, Billesbach, D.P., Riley, W.J, Berry, J.A., and M.S. Torn. 2007. Spatiotemporal Variations in Growing Season Exchanges of CO2, H2O, and Sensible Heat in Agricultural Fields of the Southern Great Plains.  Earth Interactions, 11, 1-21.

35.  Fischer, M.L., W.J. Riley, and S.Tonse. 2005. Development of an Implementation Plan for Atmospheric Carbon Monitoring in California. California Energy Commission, PIER Energy-Related Environmental Research. CEC-500-2005-123 (LBNL-57485).


36.  Dunne, J.A., Saleska, S.R., Fischer, M.L., and J. Harte. 2004. Integrating Experimental and Gradient Methods in Ecological Climate Change Research.  Ecology, 85, 904-916. (LBNL-55169)

37.  Billesbach, D.P., Fischer, M.L, Torn, M.A., and Berry, J.A.2004. A Portable Eddy Covariance System for the Measurement of Ecosystem-Atmosphere Exchange of CO2, Water Vapor, and Energy. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 21, 684-695. (LBNL-55170)

38.  Fischer, M.L., Littlejohn, D., Lunden, M.M., and N. J. Brown. 2003. Automated Measurements of Ammonia and Nitric Acid in Indoor and Outdoor Air.  Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 2114-2119. (LBNL-51385)

39.  Lunden, M.M., Revzan, K.L., Fischer, M.L., Thatcher, T.L., Littlejohn, D., Hering, S.V. and N.J. Brown. 2003. The Transformation of Outdoor Ammonium Nitrate Aerosols in the Indoor Environment. Atmospheric Environment, 37, 5633-5644. (LBNL-52795).

40.  Saleska, S.R., M.R. Shaw, M.L. Fischer, J.A. Dunne, C.B. Still, M. Holman, and J. Harte.  2002.  Large transient Decline and Predicted Long-term Recovery of Soil Carbon under Climate Warming. Global Change Biology, 16, 1055. (LBNL-43825)

41.  Torn, M.S., A. Lapenis, A. Timofeev, M. Fischer, I. Babikov, J. Harden. 2002.  Soil Carbon Cycling in the Russian Steppe: Radiocarbon Analysis of Modern and Historic Russian Soils. Global Change Biology, 8, 941-953.

42.  Fischer, M. L., Price, P. N., Thatcher, T. L., Schwalbe, C. A., Craig, M. J., Wood, E. E., Sextro, R. G., and A. J. Gadgil. 2001.  Rapid Measurements and Mapping of Tracer Gas Concentrations in a Large Indoor Space.  Atmospheric Environment, 35, 2837-2844.

43.  Price, P. N., M. L. Fischer, R. G. Sextro, and A. J. Gadgil. 2001.  Algorithm for rapid tomography of gas concentrations. Atmospheric Environment, 35, 2827-2835.

44.  Harte, J., S. McCarthy, K. Taylor, A. Kinzig, M. L. Fischer.  1998.  Estimating Species-Area Relationships from Plot to Landscape Scale Using Species Spatial-Turnover Data. OIKOS, 86, 45-54.

45.  Conrad, M. E., P. F. Daley, M. L. Fischer, B. B. Buchanan, T. Leighton, M. Kashgarian.  1997. Carbon Isotope Evidence for Intrinsic Bioremediation af Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Environmental Science & Technology, 31, 1463.

46.  Fischer, M.L., A. J. Bentley, K. A. Dunkin, A. T. Hodgson, W. W. Nazaroff, R. G. Sextro, and J. M. Daisey.  1996.  Factors Affecting Indoor Air Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds at a Site of Subsurface Gasoline Contamination.  Environmental Science & Technology, 30, 2948.



1.     Holzapfel, W.L., M. Arnaud, P.A.R.  Ade,  S.E. Church,M. L. Fischer, P.D.  Mauskopf, Y. Rephaeli, T.M. Wilbanks,  and A.E. Lange. 1997. Measurement of the Hubble constant from X-ray and 2.1 millimeter observations of Abell 2163. Astrophysical Journal, 480, 449.

2.     Holzapfel, W.L., T. M. Wilbanks, P.A.R. Ade, S.E. Church, M. L. Fischer, P.D.  Mauskopf, D.E. Osgood, and A.E. Lange. 1997.  The Sunyaev-Zeldovich infrared experiment: A millimeter-wave receiver for cluster cosmology. Astrophysical Journal, 479, 17.

3.     Bock, J., M. L. Fischer, A. E. Lange, and M. K. Parikh.  1995.  Emissivity Measurements of Reflective Surfaces at Near-Millimeter Wavelengths, Applied Optics, 34,4812.

4.     Fischer, M.L., A. Clapp, M. Devlin, J.O. Gundersen, A.E. Lange, P.M. Lubin, P.R. Meinhold, P.L. Richards, and G.F. Smoot.  1995.  Measurements of the Millimeter-wave Spectrum of Interstellar Dust Emission, Astrophys.J., 444, 226.

5.     Fischer, M.L., and A.E. Lange.  1993. Confusion Limits to the Measurement of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect in Clusters of Galaxies at Millimeter Wavelengths, Astrophys. J., 419, 433.

6.     Alsop, D.C., E.S. Cheng, A.C. Clapp, D.A. Cottingham, M.L. Fischer, J.O. Gundersen, E. Kreysa, A.E. Lange, P.M. Lubin, P.R. Meinhold, P.L. Richards, and G.F. Smoot.  1992.  A Search for Anisotropy in the Cosmic Background Radiation on Intermediate Angular Scales, Astrophysical Journal,  395, 317.

7.     Fischer, M.L., D.C. Alsop, E.S. Cheng, A.C. Clapp, D.A. Cottingham, J.O. Gundersen, T.C. Koch, E. Kreysa, P.R. Meinhold, A.E. Lange, P.M. Lubin, P.L. Richards, and G.F. Smoot.  1992.  A Bolometric Millimeter-Wave System for Observations of Anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation on Medium Angular Scales, Astrophysical Journal, 330, 242.

8.     Bernstein, G.M., M.L. Fischer, P.L. Richards, J.B. Peterson, and T. Timusk, A.  1990.  Measurement of the Spectrum of the Cosmic Background Radiation from 1 to 3 Millimeter Wavelength, Astrophysical Journal, 362, 107.

9.     Bernstein, G.M., M.L. Fischer, P.L. Richards, J.B. Peterson, and T. Timusk.  1989.  Anisotropy of the Diffuse Background at Millimeter Wavelengths, Astrophysical Journal Letters, 337, L1.