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            <h1 id="siteName">Bruce Nordman</h1>
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                        <td><img src="images/bruce07.jpg" alt="Bruce Nordman" align="left" width="110" height="142" /></td>

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                                <p><strong>510-486-7089<br />
                                BNordman@LBL.gov</strong><br />
                                skype: brucenordman</p>

                                <p><a href="http://www.lbl.gov/Workplace/Transportation.html" title="Directions to Berkeley Lab page" target="_blank">Directions to Berkeley Lab</a>.</p>
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                                <p><em>mail:</em><br />
                                90-4000<br />
                                1 Cyclotron Road<br />
                                Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory<br />
                                Berkeley, CA 94720-8136 USA<br />
                                <br />
                                <em>in person:</em><br />
                                Room 2062, Building 90, Alvarez Road, Berkeley Lab</p>
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                <h2>Current Major Research Topics</h2>

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                            <td><a href="nordman.html#NANO" title="Nanogrid anchor"><img src="images/nanogrid.png" alt="Nanogrid schematic" width="220" /></a></td>

                            <td><a href="nordman.html#NANO" title="Nanogrid anchor">Local Power Distribution - "Nanogrids"</a>.</td>

                            <td><a href="http://energystar.gov/" title="Energy Star page" target="_blank"><img src="images/ES_Logo2.gif" alt="ENERGY STAR" width="101" height="103" /></a></td>

                            <td width="170"><a href="http://energystar.gov/" title="Energy Star page" target="_blank">Energy Star</a> program support - <a href="http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=revisions.computer_spec" title="Computers page" target="_blank">Computers</a>, <a href="http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=revisions.display_spec" title="Displays page" target="_blank">Displays</a>, <a href="http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=revisions.img_equip_spec" title="Imaging page" target="_blank">Imaging Equipment</a>, and <a href="http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=new_specs.small_network_equip" title="SNE page" target="_blank">Small Network Equipment</a>.</td>
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                            <td><a href="lightui.html" title="Lighting Control User Interface Standards page"><img src="images/lightuilogo1.png" alt="Lighting Control User Interface Standards" width="100" /></a></td>

                            <td><a href="lightui.html" title="Lighting Control User Interface Standards page">Lighting Control User Interface Standards</a>.</td>

                            <td><a href="nordman.html#BAN" title="Buildings as Networks anchor"><img src="images/ipadhousesmall.gif" alt="Buildings as Networks" width="220" height="143" /></a></td>

                            <td width="100"><a href="nordman.html#BAN" title="Buildings as Networks anchor">Buildings as Networks</a> - Future Building Networks.</td>
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                <a name="NANO" id="NANO"></a>
                <h2>Local Power Distribution - Nanogrids</h2>

                <p>Today,
 most electricity use occurs within a single "pool" of power provided by
 the utility grid, much like the U.S. phone system was a single managed 
entity. An alternative is to move to a networked model of electricity 
distribution, particularly within buildings. We call this "Local Power 
Distribution", with the smallest unit within this the "Nanogrid".</p>

                <ul>
                    <li><a href="docs/nordmanGreenITsep2012IEEEcomputer.pdf" title="Green IT column" target="_blank">Think Globally, Distribute Power Locally: The Promise of Nanogrids</a>, <em>IEEE Computer</em> "Green IT" Column, September 2012.</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/icdcm2015nordmanLPD.pdf" title="ICDCM1" target="_blank">DC Local Power Distribution with Microgrids and Nanogrids</a>, First International Conference on DC Microgrids, Atlanta, GA, June 2015. <a href="docs/icdcm2015NORDMANlpd8-6.pdf" title="IGCC paper">Slides</a></li>

                    <li><a href="docs/icdcm2015nordmanCOMM.pdf" title="ICDCM2" target="_blank">The Need for Communications to Enable DC Power to be Successful</a>, First International Conference on DC Microgrids, Atlanta, GA, June 2015. <a href="docs/icdcmNORDMANcomm5-6.pdf" title="IGCC paper">Slides</a></li>
<br>
                    <li><a href="docs/07480941.pdf" title="IEEE Elec" target="_blank">DC Local Power Distribution: Technology, deployment, and pathways to success</a> <em>IEEE Electrification</em> Magazine, June 2016.</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/nordmanbugossi22.pdf" title="MEI-BREG" target="_blank">Optimizing Device Operation with a Local Electricity Price</a>,
 Micro-Energy International: Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: 
Discovering Untapped Resources, Berkeley, CA, April 2014. <a href="docs/MEInanogridBREG6.pdf" title="BREG slides" target="_blank">Slides</a></li>

                    <li><a href="docs/igcc13a.pdf" title="IGCC paper" target="_blank">Local Power Distribution with Nanogrids</a>, International Green Computing Conference, Arlington, VA, June 2013.</li>
<br>
                    <li><a href="docs/BangaloreJULY2015.pdf" title="ACM_E-energy" target="_blank">Rethinking Grids with Local Power Distribution</a>, Keynote address to ACM e-Energy, Bangalore, India, July 2015.</li>

                    <li><a href="http://energy.lbl.gov/nordman/docs/SEPA51P2-Nordman-Fit-Grid-v2.pdf" title="SEPA 51st State - Fit Grid" target="_blank">"The Fit Grid"-Principles for a better electric future</a>, submission for the SEPA 51st State Process, Phase 2, March 2016.</li>
<br>
                    <li><a href="docs/SGIP_Local_Grid_Definition_2.pdf" title="localgriddefns" target="_blank">Local Grid Definitions</a>, developed by the Smart Grid Interoperability Panel, Home, Building and Industrial Working Group, February 25, 2016.</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/microgridMAY2013.pdf" title="Networked Local Power Distribution with Nanogrids" target="_blank">Networked Local Power Distribution with Nanogrids</a>
 from the 2nd Military and Commercial Microgrids workshop, May 2013. 
These update the presentation slides on Dynamic Nanogrid Concepts from 
the DOD Advanced Microgrid Concepts and Technologies Workshop, June 7-8,
 2012. (a version of this also presented at the <em>ACEEE 2012 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings</em>, August 15, 2012</li>
                </ul>

                <h3>Older Material</h3>

                <ul>
                    <li>Paper on <a href="docs/nano.pdf" title="Nanogrids paper" target="_blank">Nanogrids: Evolving our electricity systems from the bottom up</a> (May, 2010). Darnell Green Building Power Forum. Also, <a href="docs/nano4.pdf" title="nanogrid slides" target="_blank">slides</a> for the presentation.</li>
                </ul>

                <h2>Other Current Projects / Interests</h2>

                <ul>
                    <li><strong>Energy Reporting</strong> over Internet Protocol networks. 
                                        <a href="docs/EnergyReporting2016.pdf" title="2016 Report" target="_blank">2016 Report</a>. 

                    <a href="docs/EnergyReportingv2.docx" title="2013 Report" target="_blank">2013 Report</a>. 
                    <a href="http://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-nordman-eman-er-framework/" title="ER Framework" target="_blank">Energy Reporting Framework</a> and <a href="http://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/eman/charter/" title="IETF / eman" target="_blank">IETF Energy Management Working Group (concluded)</a></li>

                    <li><strong>Device Classification</strong>. Report on <a href="docs/lbnl-classification-v1.pdf" title="Download this document; 1.3 MB" target="_blank">Simple Universal Device Classification</a> (2014), <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-nordman-classification-00" title="Classification" target="_blank">Internet Draft</a> and <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/agenda/82/slides/appsawg-8.pdf" title="Classification PDF" target="_blank">Presentation</a> from IETF 82. <a href="docs/taxonomy.pdf" title="taxonomy paper" target="_blank"><strong>Taxonomy</strong></a> of electronic and miscellaneous products (2006)</li>

                    <li><strong>Using Existing Networks For Energy Purposes</strong>, <a href="docs/existing4.pdf" title="Existing Networks" target="_blank">2-page discussion paper</a>.</li>

                    <li><strong>Lighting Control User Interface Standards</strong> <a href="lightingcontrols.html" title="Lighting Controls page">Concept</a> - Initial Project (LBNL/CLTC) <a href="docs/Lighting_UI_Final_2010.pdf" title="Lighting UI Final Report" target="_blank">Final Report</a> (Sept. 2010); <a href="docs/eedalUImay2011.pdf" title="EEDAL UI slides" target="_blank">slides</a> presented at EEDAL 2011</li>

                    <li>
                        <strong>Low-power mode residential energy consumption</strong> (almost 15% of California residential electricity is products in some low-power mode; about 2/3 electronics).

                        <ul>
                            <li>First estimate (2004): <a href="http://www.energy.ca.gov/reports/2004-10-13_500-04-057.PDF" title="low power report" target="_blank">Developing and Testing Low Power Mode Measurement Methods</a></li>

                            <li>Updated estimate (2008): <a href="http://www.energy.ca.gov/publications/displayOneReport.php?pubNum=CEC-500-2008-035" title="low power report" target="_blank">L ow-Power Mode Energy Consumption in California Homes</a></li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>

                    <li>
                        <strong>Low-power mode policy</strong> and regulation.

                        <ul>
                            <li><a href="docs/definitions27MAR2013.pdf" title="low power definitions" target="_blank">Terminology and Definitions Needs for Low Power Mode Energy Use with Network Connectivity</a>, prepared for CLASP, March 27, 2013</li>

                            <li>European Union EuP Lot 26 'Network Standby': <a href="docs/CLASPlot26feb2011.pdf" title="Lot 26 Comments - Tasks 1-7" target="_blank">Comments prepared for CLASP on Tasks 1-7 (Jan 2011)</a> and <a href="docs/CLASPlot26may2011.pdf" title="Lot 26 Comments - Task 8" target="_blank">Comments prepared for CLASP on Tasks 8 (May 2011)</a></li>

                            <li>Policy needs and approaches for Network Standby (report for IEA-4E): <a href="http://www.iea-4e.org/news/standby-power/standby-power-and-low-energy-networks-report-released-/39" title="network standby report" target="_blank">Standby Power and Low Energy Networks - issues and directions</a></li>

                            <li>October 2010 APEC standby conference: <a href="http://www.energyrating.gov.au/standby2010-apec-presentations.html" title="APEC standby conf." target="_blank">Presentations</a></li>

                            <li>EEDAL paper on <a href="docs/eedal-2009-nordman.pdf" title="eedal network low power paper" target="_blank">Network connectivity and low-power mode energy consumption</a> (2009)</li>

                            <li><a href="docs/eedalNSmay2011.pdf" title="EEDAL NS slides" target="_blank">Slides</a> presented at EEDAL 2011 on the Network Standby</li>
                        </ul>
                    </li>

                    <li><strong><a href="spp.html" title="Service Provider Pays page">Service Provider Pays</a></strong> - how to save more set-top box energy use more easily.</li>

                    <li><strong>Network equipment energy use</strong> - <a href="docs/lanzisera_aceee2010.pdf" target="_blank">U.S. total estimate for 2008</a></li>
                </ul>

                <h2>Select Talks</h2>

                <ul>
                    <li><a href="docs/icce%20nordman%202011.pdf" title="Slides for ICCE 2011 talk" target="_blank">Electronics, Networks, and Energy</a>, IEEE Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE), January 10, 2011</li>

                    <li>Proxying: Reducing PC energy use with network technology - EEDN Seminar , September 10, 2010. <a href="docs/proxy11x1.pdf" title="Slides for Proxying Talk" target="_blank">1 slide/page PDF</a> or <a href="docs/proxy11x6.pdf" title="Slides for Proxying Talk" target="_blank">6 slides/page PDF</a></li>

                    <li><a href="docs/e3s_nordman.pdf" title="Slides for E3S Talk" target="_blank">What the Real World Tells Us about Saving Energy in Electronics</a> - Symposium on Energy Efficient Electronic Systems (E3S) &mdash; CITRIS / UCB , June 11, 2009</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/linuxApril9.pdf" title="Slides for Linux / Energy Talk" target="_blank">Linux, Energy, and Networks: "Saving Large Amounts of Energy With Network Connectivity Proxying"</a> - Linux Collaborative Summit, April 9, 2009</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/ofcMarch22.pdf" title="Slides for OFC Talk" target="_blank">ICT, Networks, and Energy: The Energy Perspective</a> - OFC / NFOEC conference, March 22, 2009</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/lbnl09jan2009.pdf" title="Slides for Digital Networks: Energy and Beyond, 9 Jan 2009" target="_blank">Digital Networks: Energy and Beyond</a> - LBNL/EETD noon Seminar, January 9, 2009 <em>(at actual seminar, only electronics slides shown)</em></li>
                </ul>

                <a name="BAN" id="BAN"></a>
                <h2>Buildings as Networks</h2>

                <p>A
 large amount of future energy savings in buildings is only possible 
through closely matching the energy services delivered to occupants to 
what they need and desire at each particular point in time (and as 
informed by prices). This is only possible by highly dynamic, effective,
 functional, and robust future building networks, which are in turn only
 possible through adopting the goal of <strong>Universal Interoperability</strong>.</p>

                <p>This needs to be the basis of a globally standard <em>network architecture</em>
 for future building networks. Just as the Internet was not an 
evolutionary step from existing common information networks, but rather 
introduced many new concepts, future building networks need to be 
designed from the ground up, not by adapting existing controls 
technologies. As with the Internet, we should expect this to enable 
future functionalities for buildings that we have not even imagined 
today.</p>

                <ul>
                    <li><a href="docs/beyond.pdf" title="Beyond the Smart Grid paper" target="_blank">Beyond the Smart Grid: Building Networks</a> - (paper May, 2010)</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/Nordman211x.pdf" target="_blank">Networks in Buildings: Which Path Forward?</a>.
 ACEEE Summer Study Paper Paper. See also the slide presentation for 
this listed below. This incorporates most of the content of the draft 
discussion paper <a href="docs/infra5.pdf">Necessary design infrastructure for energy-efficient networked buildings</a> (February 12, 2008).</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/background.pdf" target="_blank">Buildings as Networks: Danger, Opportunity, and Guiding Principles for Energy Efficiency</a>.
 From a workshop on "Digital Networks", held at the International Energy
 Agency on July 6, 2007. This was a background discussion document. For 
the full workshop presentations, see the "Digital Networks" section 
(bottom fourth) of the <a href="http://www.iea.org/Textbase/work/workshopdetail.asp?WS_ID=285" title="IEA page" target="_blank">Digital Networks workshop page</a>. A revised set of Guiding Principles from the workshop as <a href="http://www.iea.org/Textbase/work/2007/set-top/network_guidelines.pdf" title="IEA guidelines document" target="_blank">Guidelines for Digital Networks</a>.</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/displays08.pdf" title="Future Displays presentation" target="_blank">Future Networking of Displays</a> - speculation on where technology and energy use is headed <em>(excerpted from EPA / Energy Star slides for Displays Stakeholder Meeting Sept. 25, 2008)</em>.</li>
                </ul>

                <h2>Presentations</h2>

                <ul>
                    <li><a href="docs/hotf.pdf" title="Slides for House of the Further Future: the 'Networked' House" target="_blank">House of the Further Future: the 'Networked' House</a> - LBNL Science at the Theater, May 10, 2010. Video available on <a href="http://www.youtube.com/BerkeleyLab">YouTube</a></li>

                    <li><a href="docs/i4e02oct09.pdf" title="Slides for i4e Talk" target="_blank">The Case "Against" the Smart Grid</a> - at <a href="http://www.citris-uc.org/events/i4e-Oct02" target="_blank">I4energy</a> Seminar Series - CITRIS &mdash; CITRIS / UCB , October 2, 2009. Video available on <a href="http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=5113DA503E572659" target="_blank">YouTube</a></li>

                    <li><a href="docs/nordman17Mar09.pdf" title="Slides for IEA/ISO/IEC Talk" target="_blank">Networks, Standards, and Energy: The Energy Perspective</a> - IEA/IEC/ISO Workshop on Standards and Climate Change, March 16-17, 2009</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/PRIAMInordmanFEB13.pdf" title="Slides for Building Networks for the 22nd Century" target="_blank">Building Networks for the 22nd Century</a> - EPRI AMI/HAN work group, February 13, 2009</li>

                    <li><a href="docs/nordman%20ACEEE%202008.pdf" title="Networks in Buildings: Which Path Forward?" target="_blank">Networks in Buildings: Which Path Forward?</a> - <em>2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August, 2008</em></li>

                    <li>Thermostats. See a recent talk on <a href="docs/tstat1.pdf" title="Thermostat talk" target="_blank">Climate control for 2020 - T-stats as a digital network</a> presented October 15, 2007 to a workshop on thermostats at LBNL</li>
                </ul>

                <h2>Past Projects</h2>

                <img src="images/1621topic.jpg" alt="Power Management Controls" align="left" width="90" height="86" />

                <p><a href="https://energy.lbl.gov/ea/controls/" title="Power Management Controls page" target="_blank">Power Management Controls</a> - standards for terms, symbols, indicators, etc. to increase power management savings.<br clear="left" /></p>

				<img src="images/SleepingStream.jpg" alt="AV Controls" align="left" width="90" height="86" />

                <p> <a href="avcontrol.html" title="AV Controls page">Audio/Video Inter-Device Power Control</a> - Proposed standard mechanism for managing audio/video content streams to enable automatic power management of A/V devices.<br clear="left" /></p>

                <h3>Materials Use / Consumption</h3>

                <p>This is no longer an active research area of mine.</p>

                <table>
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                            <td><img src="images/cutting.jpg" alt="Cutting Paper" width="219" height="110" /></td>

                            <td width="200"><strong>Paper End-Use Efficiency</strong>
 - practical information on reducing paper use. This web site dates from
 Fall, 1998, but much of the information is still applicable. <span class="c2"><strong>Web site currently off-line</strong></span></td>

                            <td></td>

                            <td><img src="images/consumption.gif" alt="Consumption" width="242" height="126" /></td>

                            <td width="200"><a href="http://energy.lbl.gov/ea/buildings/BNordman/C/consmain.html" title="Consumption Efficiency page">Consumption Efficiency</a> in general - improving materials consumption to reduce industrial production and increase quality of life.</td>
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                <p>I work for <a href="http://akmeier.lbl.gov/" title="Alan Meier home page" target="_blank">Alan Meier</a>. We are part of the <a href="http://btus.lbl.gov/" title="Building Technology and Urban Systems Division" target="_blank">Building Technology and Urban Systems Division</a>.</p>

                <p><em>Last Modified: January 12, 2017.</em></p>
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